Tropical forests in general and Congolese in particular are very useful because they are considered as the lungs of our planet and the source of goods and services contributing to the socio-economic development of the populations. And yet, despite this recognized value, the protection of tropical forests is unsatisfactory. These disappear rapidly, losing approximately 13 million hectares annually, about the size of a country like Greece. If nothing is done and quickly, at this rate it is most likely that they will be completely and definitively lost with irreversible effects on all levels and for life on earth. This study focused on the search for solutions to halt the threats to Congolese forests. While acknowledging the complexity and difficulty of curbing the causes of deforestation and forest degradation in this country ; the author stresses that humanity can effectively address this problem. An effective way to achieve this, he notes, is to put the people at the centre of all actions, and thus to ensure human rights. In doing so, we will rightly mobilize all forest stakeholders and all resources, in particular the knowledge and sustainable practices of communities living in forests. Therefore, involving communities in forest policies and listening to them at each level of intervention remain the appropriate means to ensure the protection of Congolese forests.